Heavy monsoon rains over the last month have caused widespread damage, mostly in the southern province of Sindh Province According to the National Disaster Management Authority at least 5.3 million affected,1.3 millions Lost their homes with 1.7 million acres of arable landinundated. The National Disaster Management Authority has appealed for international humanitarian assistance nearly a month after monsoon rains started devastating parts of Sindh Province. Needs assessments are underway to determine the scale and scope of relief operations. However, needs have been apparent for weeks and food, potable water, shelter, and health care are the most urgently needed to save lives that are greatly at risk to waterborne diseases, malnutrition, and food insecurity. Many inundated areas remain inaccessible thus posing an increased threat to the affected population.Approximately over 5 million people are affected in the province, with more than half of the affected population residing in Khairpur and Badin and thatta districts. Twenty-two out of 23 districts are affected with death toll is approaching 270.
The majority of the population is without access to shelter, food, medicines, and clean drinking water. The pre-flood economic situation of affected communities worsens their chances of meeting their basic needs. Agriculture and livestock provide the majority of income in the province. With these widely destroyed, families are without economic resources and income earning opportunities to purchase food. Inadequate access to health facilities adds to the concerns for waterborne diseases and nutrition deficiency. The current situation also adds to food and drinking water shortages already prevalent in rural Sindh.